Safety is of utmost importance with any activity and it should be no different with vaping. Whether you are a beginner or a well-versed aficionado in the art of vaping, battery safety is something that you should take the time to really learn and understand. This is especially important when you start using mechanical mods as they are not regulated with a circuitry that protects the user from battery failure. Battery failure is not something that you want to ever experience because in the worst-case scenario, it could lead to explosion and possible injury.
This article will cover, without going into too much technical detail, proper care and usage of batteries. If you follow all the precautions that will be outlined in this article, then you will not only be prolonging the life of your batteries but also always vaping safely!
Battery safety for regulated mods – internal batteries
First, we will cover regulated mods which can be powered either by an internal battery or external batteries. A device that is operated with an internal battery—typically LiPo (lithium polymer)—does not require separate, external batteries for you to use it. All you need to do is charge it through the micro USB port, preferably with the cable that is provided in the packaging, to start vaping. It is possible for the battery to overheat and/or short when charging with a cable that delivers a higher voltage than the battery within the device. It is also recommended that you do not leave your device charging overnight, as that may also cause it to overheat.
You also want to ensure that you are using the appropriate coils that the battery can handle. A manual, which is almost always provided when you purchase a vape device, should specify the resistance range of the coils (measured in ohms) that the internal battery can manage. You do not want to go below this range as the large current drawn from a low resistance coil could cause battery failure. If battery failure does occur, be sure to dispose of the battery properly in the correct recycling bin. Battery failure may also occur if you do not store the device safely. Keep your device away from flammable objects and away from sunlight.
Battery safety for regulated mods – external batteries
The story stays much the same with external/rechargeable batteries. For regulated mods that take external batteries, one thing you always want to be aware of is the maximum discharge rate. The maximum discharge rate tells you the max amps your battery can output, and you never want to exceed this limit with your coils. You can usually find the max discharge rate of your battery online or you can calculate it yourself (this will be discussed more under the mechanical mods section).
Just as important as knowing the max discharge rate is knowing which batteries you are supposed to use for your mod. There are different types and sizes of external batteries; you want to make sure that you are using the right battery type for your device. Never mix and match batteries with different discharge rates and avoid using them together if they are unevenly charged.
Invest in a quality charger from a trusted brand, preferably one that automatically stops charging once the batteries are fully charged. If you prefer to charge your batteries using the micro USB port, check for a pass-through feature which is what allows you to simultaneously charge and use your device. Just keep in mind that it might take much longer to fully charge your device, and the batteries—especially if you are using more than one battery—may not always charge evenly.
Storage of rechargeable batteries is especially important whenever and wherever you may be using your device. The best bet is to buy a separate battery case to hold your batteries in. This will prevent the batteries from causing friction with other heat conducting objects, such as loose coins and keys. Battery cases can easily be found for low prices at your local vape shops or online.
Battery safety for mechanical mods
Now we will be moving onto battery safety for mechanical mods which may seem confusing at first, but is relatively simple once you grasp the basics of ohm’s law. Before we dive into ohm’s law, however, there are a couple of crucial things to check for when you are purchasing a mechanical mod. Always check for vent holes which allow the batteries to let off steam if you ever misuse them. Another feature to check for is a lock for the firing button. You don’t want your mechanical mod to fire accidentally while it is in your pocket, a scenario which could only end badly for you and your mod. Further, consistency is key when it comes to the charge of your battery. You do not want to overcharge your battery or use it a depleted state, both of which could lead to battery failure.
Now we can finally discuss ohm’s law. Ohm’s law explains how current (measures in amps), power (measured in watts), voltage, and resistance (measured in ohms) are related. When building coils for your mechanical mod, you always want to enure that your build’s amps will not exceed the max map rating of the battery (or batteries) you are using. The max amp rating (aka max discharge rate) for your batteries can be researched online in helpful articles such as this one.
Once you figure out the max discharge rate of your battery, calculate the current that your coil build will draw from the battery by taking the coil’s resistance and dividing it by the battery’s voltage. You can check the voltage and your coil’s resistance with a multimeter, a helpful tool for all those experimenting with mechanical mods and custom coil building. If the current calculated from your coil build is higher or too close to the max discharge rate of your battery, then you need to start from scratch and build a coil with a higher resistance. Otherwise, you risk serious damage to your battery by forcing your battery to draw a current that it cannot handle. This is a surefire way for your battery to fail, and, in the worst-case scenario, explode and inflict serious harm to you and your surroundings.
The above covers just the very basics of battery usage and safety measures. It is recommended for vapers, especially beginners, to do their own research as there are many fine details that this piece did not cover. The internet is just a goldmine of information waiting to be excavated, so take the time to look into the what you need to do to stay safe!